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Cutting Fluids - P2Rx Wiki: Home

Cutting fluid is a type of coolant and lubricant designed specifically for metalworking and machining processes. There are various kinds of cutting fluids, which include oils, oil-water emulsions, pastes, gels, aerosols (mists), and air or other gases.


Cutting fluid or machining oil are used in metal processing applications. They are used in order to improve machine performance, product quality, and equipment life by cooling the lubricating the cutting tool. Metal processing applications that rely on cutting fluids include lathes, grinding machines, machining centers and many other types of machine tools and manufacturing equipment. Cutting fluids are made up various substances including oils, oil-water emulsions, pastes, gels, and mists. Industrial metal processing tools create a significant amount of friction and heat during use and require cutting fluids in order to reduce the wear and tear of the machine and transfer the heat being generated. The most effective cutting fluids keep the tool at a stable temperature, removes particulates, limits microbial growth, lubricates the working edge to maximize life of the tool and reduce tip welding, prevent rust formation or corrosion on the tool, and ensure safety for people handling it while not being hazardous to the environment.

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