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Microagressions and Microresistances

Microaggression and Microresistance References

Nadal, K. L, Wing, Y., Griffin, K.E., Davidoff, K., & Sriken, J. (2014). The adverse impact of racial microaggressions on college students’ self-esteem. Journal of College Student Development, 55(5), 461-474.


Sue, D. W. (2010). Racial microaggressions in everyday life: Race, gender, and sexual orientation. Hoboken, NJ: Wiley.


Sue, D.W., Capodilupo, C.M., Torino, G.C., Bucceri, J.M. Holder, A., Nadal, K., & Esquilin, M. (2007). Racial microaggressions in everyday life: Implications for clinical practice.American Psychologist, 62(4), 271-286.


Suarez-Orozco C.,  Casanova S., Martin M., Katsiaficas D., Cuellar V., Smith N.A., and Dias, S.I. (2015). “Toxic Rain in Class: Classroom Interpersonal Microaggressions.” Educational Researcher, Vol. 44 No. 3, pp. 151–160..


Cheung, F., Ganote, C. M., & Souza, T.J. (2016). Microaggressions and microresistance: Supporting and empowering students. In Faculty Focus Special Report: Diversity and Inclusion in the College Classroom. Madison, WI: Magna Publications. Retrieved from


Irey, S. (2013). How Asian American women perceive and move toward leadership roles in community colleges: A study of insider counter narratives (Unpublished doctoral dissertation). University of Washington, Seattle, WA.


Demnowicz, C. (2019).  Racism scale.  Retrieved from


Rowe, M. (2008). Micro-affirmations & micro-inequities.  Journal of the International Ombudsman Association,1(1), 45-48.


Souza, T. J. (2018). Responding to microaggressions in the classroom: Taking A.C.T.I.O.N. Online article in Faculty Focus Premium. Retrieved from

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