SAGE Reference is proud to announce 21st Century Sociology: A Reference Handbook. The field of sociological inquiry is multi-faceted in perspective, and does subsume a variety of specialty interests, as a result the literature in this discipline has developed and proliferated in a near exponential fashion. Sociology, today, has become so specialty driven in its research and theory agenda that the result is an enormous and complex body of sociological knowledge that is often considered to be unwieldy. 21st Century Sociology provides, in two volumes, a concise forum through which the vast array of knowledge accumulated, particularly during the past three decades, can be organized into a definitive resource. 21st Century Sociology focus on the corpus of knowledge garnered in traditional areas of sociological inquiry, as well as documenting the general orientation of the newer and currently emerging areas of sociological inquiry. Key features include: - a timely and comprehensive assessment of the 100+ specialty fields of sociology with contributions by leading international authorities in their area of expertise; - an examination of the four distinct phases of development in the history of sociological inquiry: a period of theoretical development; the emphasis on methodological development and refinement; the phase of specialization; and a period that has taken representatives of the discipline into previously unexplored areas; - discussion on the various traditional sub-fields of sociology such as: political sociology; educational sociology; rural sociology; criminology; occupational sociology; and minority relations, among others; - an exploration of the important new, evolving sub-fields, such as: environmental sociology; sociology of sports and leisure; military sociology; medical sociology; the sociology of food and eating; and the sociology of emotions, among others; - a discussion on the ′satellite′ or ′peripheral′ sub-disciplines, such as women′s studies, black studies and gay and lesbian studies. 21st Century Sociology is the most comprehensive overview of modern sociology making it a ′must have′ resource for any academic library.
Named a Best Reference Work for 2009 by Library Journal The Blackwell Encyclopedia of Sociology is published in both print and online. Arranged across eleven volumes in A-Z format, it is the definitive reference source for students, researchers, and academics in the field. This ground-breaking project brings together specially commissioned entries written and edited by an international team of the world's best scholars and teachers. It provides: "This is an example of a reference book turned into an e-product intelligently and in a way that transcends the print." - Library Journal An essential reference for expert and newcomer alike, with entries ranging from short definitions of key terms to extended explorations of major topics Provides clear, concise, expert definitions and explanations of the key concepts Presents materials that have historically defined the discipline, but also more recent developments, significantly updating the store of sociological knowledge Introduces sociological theories and research that have developed outside of the United States and Western Europe Offers sophisticated cross-referencing and search facilities Features a timeline, lexicon by subject area, bibliography, and index 11 Volumes www.sociologyencyclopedia.com Updating
I The Reemerging Field of Clinical Sociology.- 1. Clinical Sociology: Defining the Field.- Toward a Definition.- Distinctiveness of the Sociological Approach.- The Sociological Perspective.- Theory.- Sociological Methods.- Roles for Clinical Sociologists.- Organizational Consultant/Organizational Development.- Social Impact Assessment.- Community Organization.- Mediation/Conflict Resolution.- Program Development/Program Evaluation.- Counselor/Sociotherapy.- Trainer/Teacher.- Broker.- Advocate.- Group Facilitator.- Conclusion.- References.- 2. The Emergence of American Clinical Sociology.- The First Courses in Clinical Sociology.- The Appearance of the Label Clinical Sociology.- Pre-SPA Publications: 1930-1977.- Post-SPA Publications: 1978-1988.- Conclusion.- References.- II General Practice Concerns.- 3. Assessment in Clinical Sociology.- The Logic of Clinical Assessment.- Analytical Assessment Phases.- Preliminary Screening.- Intake Assessment Survey.- Exploratory Assessment.- Assessment of Possible Interventions.- Summatory Assessment.- References.- 4. Intervention in Clinical Sociology.- The Diversity and Unity of Intervention in Clinical Sociology.- Guiding Themes.- Science.- Intervention as Process.- Intervention as a Humanistic Pursuit.- The Goal of Intervention Is Behavior Change.- Problems Addressed as Social Problems.- Barriers to Change.- Loci of Intervention: Targets for Change.- Approaches to Intervention.- Conclusion.- References.- 5. Program Evaluation and Clinical Sociology.- Four Models of Program Evaluation.- The Objectives-Based Model.- The Decision-Oriented Model.- The Naturalistic Inquiry Model.- The Expert Model.- A Utilization-Focused Perspective.- Issues in Planning and Conducting Evaluations.- Should We Evaluate'.- Who Should Evaluate'.- What Should Be Evaluated'.- How Should the Evaluation Be Done'.- How to Deal with Evaluation Findings'.- After the Evaluation, Then What'.- References.- 6. Communication and Relationships with Clients.- On Relationships, Generally.- The Clinical Relationship.- Presenting Conditions.- Communication.- Preparing for Communication.- Initial Meetings.- Approaching Clients.- Barriers, Breakdowns, and Problems.- Client Training Clinician.- Conclusion.- References.- 7. Ethics in Clinical Sociology.- Ethical Ideals and behavior.- Models of a Helping Relationship.- Roles and Norms.- Cultural Sensitivities.- Self-Disclosure of Professional and Client.- Privileged Communication and Confidentiality.- Manipulation of behavior.- Rights of Clients and Practitioners.- Self-Determination.- Negotiating Sound Contracts.- Evaluation Research.- The Clinical Sociologist as an Expert Witness.- Professional Accountability.- Malpractice.- New Ethical Issues.- Appendix A: Ethical Standards of Sociological Practitioners.- Appendix B: A Patient''s Bill of Rights.- Appendix C: Standards for the Expert Witness.- References.- 8. The Effects of Social Change on Clinical Practice.- Conceptual Considerations.- Contextual Determination.- Determining the Context of Advanced Technological Society.- Macrolevel Changes.- Mesolevel Changes.- Microlevel Changes.- Conclusions.- References.- III Clinical Sociology in Specific Settings.- 9. Clinical Sociology with Individuals and Families.- The Relevance of Sociology to Counseling.- The Thematic Approach to Sociological Counseling.- Autonomy and Constraint: A Guiding Theme.- Counseling Stages and Sociological Contributions.- Intake and Introduction.- Assessment and Evaluation.- Intervention and Follow-Up.- A General Approach.- On Expressive and Instrumental Action.- Specifying Facts and Likely Consequences.- Reality Construction and Time Allocation.- Establishing Rituals.- Follow-Up: Clinical Interventions as Hypothesis Testing.- Conclusion.- References.- 10. Public Policies and Clinical Sociology.- Basic Questions and Tasks.- Getting Acquainted.- Visualizing the Social Situation.- Diagnosing Problems.- Defining Goals.- Developing Strategies.- Intervening Diplomatically.- Continuing Program Adaptations.- Ethical Concerns and Issues.- References.- 11. The Clinical Sociologist in Medical Settings.- History of Medical Sociology.- Use of Theory in Clinical Medical Sociology.- Special Roles of Clinical Sociologists in Medical Settings.- Counselor in Medical Settings.- Program Developer.- Attendance on Teaching Rounds.- The Credibility Crisis for Clinical Sociologists.- Areas of Expansion for Clinical Medical Sociologists.- Medical Ethics and Clinical Sociology.- Clinical Sociologists and Service in Chronic Illness.- Facilitating Wellness: Clinical Sociology''s Ultimate Challenge.- References.- 12. Health Promotion and Clinical Sociology.- The Concept of Health Promotion.- Relevance of Health Promotion to Clinical Sociology.- Learning Health Promoting Behaviors.- Paradigms of Intervention.- Lifestyle Change.- Targeting Behavior for Change.- Changing the Social Context.- The Paradigms Illustrated.- Targeting Behavior for Change.- Targeting Lifestyle for Change.- Targeting the Social Context for Change.- Roles for Clinical Sociologists.- Strategies for Health Promotion.- Overcoming Barriers to Health Promotion.- A Potential Health Promotion Paradigm.- References.- 13. Mental Health and Clinical Sociology.- A Biopsychosocial Role Theory of Mental Health.- Sense of Attainment.- Complement of Life Vectors.- Interaction between Two Persons and Role Theory.- Assessing a Stressful Situation and Selecting Alternatives.- Patterns of Reaction and Defense Mechanisms.- Methodology.- Results and Intervention.- The Clinical Sociologist as a Member of the Clinical Team.- The Clinical Sociologist in the Community.- Training of the Clinical Sociologist.- Appendix A: Coding of Imbalances between Expectations and Performances for Each Life Vector According to Set Criteria.- Appendix B: Summing-Up of a Case History.- References.- 14. Clinical Sociology in the Criminal Justice System.- The Context of the Justice System.- New Directions and Models in the Justice System.- Clinical Sociologists in Law Enforcement Programs.- Clinical Sociologists in the Judicial System.- Clinical Sociologists in the Corrections System.- The Role of Sociology in the History of Criminal Justice.- Law Enforcement.- Judicial.- Corrections.- Theories for Clinical Sociological Practice in Criminal Justice.- Conflict Theory.- Phenomenological Theory.- Social Construction of Reality Theory.- Translating Theory into Practice in Clinical Sociology.- References.- 15. Clinical Sociology and Mediation.- Mediation.- Mediation Opportunities: A Case Example.- Project Structure.- Administration.- Training.- Evaluation.- Program Impact.- A "Typical" Mediation.- Beginning the Mediation.- Opening Statements.- Bringing the Two Together.- The Root of the Problem.- Keeping the Peace.- Piecing Together Solutions.- Concluding the Agreement: Three Options.- New Directions.- Outreach Opportunities for Clinical Sociologists.- Mediation: A Growth Industry.- References.- 16. A Clinical Perspective on Organizational Development.- and Overview.- Tying Definitions to Major Themes in Clinical Sociology.- Case-Based Intervention.- Problem Oriented.- Cause Focused.- The Intervention Cycle Dilemma.- A Concluding Note on Environmental and Technological Change.- References.- 17. Clinical Sociology in the Workplace.- Workplace Challenges.- Substance Abuse.- Sexual Harassment.- Quality Circles.- Stress at Work.- Outplacement.- Summary.- Appendix: Clinical Sociologist and Union Work.- References.- 18. Clinical Educational Sociology: Interventions for School Staff.- What Is Wrong with Schools'.- What Teachers Face.- What Teachers Feel.- Working in Reservoirs of Pain.- Workloads.- Blamed for Learning Failures.- Loss of Authority.- Cut Off from Intellectual Capital.- Consequences of Professionalization.- Staff Differentiation.- Constituencies and the Search for Reforms.- Restructuring.- Interventions for Teachers.- References.- IV Work with Special Populations.- 19. Culture Adaptive Therapy: A Role for the Clinical Sociologist in a Mental Health Setting.- A General View of the Problem.- Social Origins of Depression.- The Clinical Sociologist as Microchange Agent.- Case 1.- Case 2.- The Sociocultural Hypothesis.- Evaluation of the CAT Patient.- Termination of Therapy.- Conclusions.- References.- 20. Empowering Women: A Clinical Sociology Model for Working with Women in Groups.- Overview.- A Terrible and Magnificent Lesson.- Microcosm: The Healing Capacity of the Group.- Blueprints and Imprints: The Sociological Dimension.- Status.- Roles.- Values.- A Celebration of Difference: The Psychological Dimension.- A Double-Edged Sword: The Physiological Dimension.- The Biological Clock.- Cyclical Nature of Female Physiology.- Reproductive Disorders.- Reproductive Freedom.- Sociodiagnosis: The Focus of Group Work.- From Diagnosis to Prescription: Some Guiding Principles.- Empowerment.- Connecting/Reconnecting.- Building Self-Esteem and Self-Confidence.- Enhancing Self-Awareness.- Making Peace.- Consolidation.- Autonomy within the Group.- Guidelines for Group Facilitation: The Principles Applied.- Demeanor of Facilitator/Therapist.- Individual versus Group Sessions.- Establishing Ground Rules.- Breaking the Ice.- Building Trust and Common Bonds.- Promoting Equality within the Group.- Politicization.- Closure and Termination.- Professional Concerns.- Expanding the Web: Referrals.- Logistics.- Management of Schedules, Fees.- Advertising.- Training and Certification.- Ethics.- The Impact on Us of Working with Women in Groups.- Conclusion.- References.- 21 . Gerontology and Clinical Sociology.- Social Gerontology.- Theories.- Earliest Theories.- Second Generation Theories.- Emergent Theories.- Perspectives on the Later Stages of Life.- Biological Perspective.- Psychological Perspectives.- Sociological Perspectives.- Life Cycle/Human Development/Stage Theories and Perspectives.- Anomie and the Old.- A Frame of Reference.- Cases, Techniques, and Theory A
This Handbook provides the hidden common threads that tie sociological inquiry together and featuring eminent scholars, it separates itself from its predecessors in substance and organization. Rather than rehashing old debates or longingly gazing at the past, this book presents sociologists with new ways of conceptualizing the organization and presentation of sociological theory. At the heart of this Handbook's vision is the twin goals of making theory a viable enterprise by reconceptualizing how we teach theory and keeping theory closely tied to its empirical applications. Three strategies are offered: (1) Elucidating how classic issues like integration or interaction are interrogated today; (2) Presenting a coherent vision of the social levels of reality that theorists work on such as communities, groups, and the self as well as how the coherence of these levels speaks to the macro-micro link; and, (3) Theorizing the social world rather than celebrating theorists or theories; that is, one can look at how theory is used holistically to understand the constraints the social world places on our lived experience or the dynamics of social change. Hence, in the second decade of the 21st century, it has become clear that sociology is at a crossroads as the number of theorists and amount of theory available is increasingly unmanageable and unknowable by the vast majority of professionals and students. As such, this Handbook of Contemporary Sociological Theory presents the novice and the expert with the a roadmap for traversing this crossroad and building a more coherent, robust, and cumulative sociology.
`The overall conception of the volume is absolutely splendid, and the editors skilfully place the material in the context of disciplinary and post-disciplinary developments in sociology. This is a major contribution to the field, as well as a comprehensive and reliable guide to its main components' - William Outhwaite, Professor of Sociology, School of European Studies, University of Sussex `It is hard to think of anything that has been left out in this masterly survey of contemporary historical sociology. The editors have done a superb job in the selection of both themes and contributors. We now at last have an up-to-date book to assign in our graduate courses on comparative historical sociology. There's really nothing else like it out there.... The editors' introduction is one of the best things I have read on how the field developed, and the problems it has encountered' - Krishan Kumar, William R Kenan, Jr Professor of Sociology, University of Virginia 'The range of topics covered and the number of distinguished scholars who have contributed to the handbook is impressive, with leading figures such as Bryan S Turner, John R Hall, Gianfranco Poggi and Craig Calhoun among the contributors to a book that covers areas as diverse as post-colonial historiography and the historical sociology of the city... the handbook fills a void within the sizable literature on historical sociology and undoubtedly will be a useful addition to graduate reading lists' - The British Journal of Sociology What is important in historical sociology? What are the main routes of development in the subject? This Handbook consists of 26 chapters on historical sociology. It is divided into three parts. Part One is devoted to Foundations and covers Marx, Weber, evolutionary and functionalist approaches, the Annales School, Elias, Nelson and Eisenstadt. Part Two moves on to consider major approaches, such as modernization approaches, late Marxist approaches, historical geography, institutional approaches, cultural history, intellectual history, postcolonial and genealogical approaches. The third part is devoted to the major substantive themes in historical sociology ranging from state formation, nationalism, social movements, classes, patriarchy, architecture, religion and moral regulation to problems of periodization and East-West divisions. Each part includes an introduction that summarizes and contextualizes chapters. A general introduction to the volume outlines the current situation of historical sociology after the cultural turn in the social sciences. It argues that historical sociology is deeply divided between explanatory `sociological' approaches and more empirical and interpretative `historical' approaches. Systematic and informative the book offers readers the most complete and authoritative guide to historical sociology.
This wide-ranging handbook presents in-depth discussions on the array of subspecialties that comprise the field of sociological theory. Prominent theorists working in a variety of traditions discuss methodologies and strategies; the cultural turn in sociological theorizing; interaction processes; theorizing from the systemic and macro level; new directions in evolutionary theorizing; power, conflict, and change; and theorizing from assumptions of rationality.
The Handbook of Sociology of Aging is the most comprehensive, engaging, and up-to-date treatment of developments within the field over the past 30 years. The volume represents an indispensable source of the freshest and highest standard scholarship for scholars, policy makers, and aging professionals alike. The Handbook of Sociology of Aging contains 45 far-reaching chapters, authored by nearly 80 of the most renowned experts, on the most pressing topics related to aging today. With its recurring attention to the social forces that shape human aging, and the social consequences and policy implications of it, the contents will be of interest to everyone who cares about what aging means for individuals, families, and societies. The chapters of the Handbook of Sociology of Aging illustrate the field's extraordinary breadth and depth, which has never before been represented in a single volume. Its contributions address topics that range from foundational matters, such as classic and contemporary theories and methods, to topics of longstanding and emergent interest, such as social diversity and inequalities, social relationships, social institutions, economies and governments, social vulnerabilities, public health, and care arrangements. The volume closes with a set of personal essays by senior scholars who share their experiences and hopes for the field, and an essay by the editors that provides a roadmap for the decade ahead. The Handbook of Sociology of Aging showcases the very best that sociology has to offer the study of human aging.
This volume provides researchers and scholars with a broad overview of the contributions of social psychologists and sociologists to the study of sexual relationships and sexual expression across the life course. These contributions include analyses of the dynamics of several types of contemporary sexual relationships - e.g., short-term, long-term non-exclusive, and committed. Chapters analyze the influence of major social institutions - e.g., religion, family and economy - on them. The content and scope of this volume have been carefully chosen to balance coverage of traditional emphases - dating, marriage, commercial sex work, sex education - with new and cutting edge materials - embodiment, Trans*, asexualities. Sections review major theoretical perspectives and the principal research methods. Coverage of sexual orientation is integrated throughout. This volume provides excellent resources for anyone interested in research on sexualities.
In recent decades, the focus of the study of culture in sociology has been divided between the sociology of culture and cultural sociology. In the former approach, culture is seen as a reflection of the deeper and more "real" social structures.A cultural sociology, however, begins from the premise that ideas and beliefs retain autonomy from the social structures to which they refer and illuminate. Only after the internal logics of meaning have been discovered and understood - the codes, narratives, and rhetorical techniques - can thecultural be put back into social structure, and analyzed in a multidimensional way. Edited by Jeffrey Alexander, arguably the leading cultural sociologist in the world, and two other widely respected practitioners, Ron Jacobs and Phil Smith, these essays from an international cast of the best andbrightest cultural sociologists cover topics in theory and method; power, politics, and states; economics and organization; mass media; social movements; religion; aesthetics; knowledge; and health. Organized by empirical areas of study rather than particular theories or competing intellectualstrands, the editors demonstrate that cultural sociology is not so much as a specialized subfield of sociology but, rather, an intellectual approach that can be generalized across all the core fields of the discipline.
Written by three eminent professors, it has been updated to reflect the shifts of sociological thought in the last five years, making it the most comprehensive, authoritative and up-to-date dictionary available. It is essential reading for all students and teachers of sociology and other related courses - and also the general reader.