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Engineering Research Guide

Use this guide to find UNO library resources and other helpful research tools.

APA Tutorials

UNO Writing Center Style Guide Cheat Sheets

You must cite any information presented in your lab report, presentation, poster or paper that is not your own. Not giving credit to the source of your information is plagiarism. Check out the links below to learn the proper way to give credit for items used in your work, including but not limited to data, ideas, cartoons, photographs, maps, charts, graphics or other information.

Citing Patents

This table shows examples of how to cite patents and trademark registrations in bibliographies.  For other styles, consult the style manual or create a format that follows the general principles of the citation style while incorporating all the document details as shown below.

Many citation tools such as EndNote, RefWorks, and Zotero will produce formatted citations for patents, although the results should always be carefully reviewed.

Example: The final patent in which Steve Jobs of Apple Computer was listed as an inventor. The patent was filed in 2007 and awarded in 2012.
Style Patent More Citation Style Information
ACS Crow, D. N.; Dean, C.; Dykstra-Erickson, E.; Hoddie, J. P.; Jobs, S. P.; Wasko, T. E. User interface for presenting media information. U.S. Patent 8,196,043, June 5, 2012.

ACS Style Guide

Bluebook U.S. Patent No. 8,19,6043 (issued Jun. 5, 2012). Blue Book Uniform System of Citation
IEEE [1] D. N. Crow, C. Dean, E. Dykstra-Erickson, J. P. Hoddie, S. P. Jobs, and T. E. Wasko, "User interface for presenting media information,“ U.S. Patent: 8 196 043, issued date June 5, 2012.  IEEE Citation Reference (Acrobat PDF format)
NLM Crow DN, Dean C, Dykstra-Erickson E, Hoddie JP, Jobs SP, Wasko TE, inventors; Apple Inc, assignee. User interface for presenting media information. United States patent US 8,196,043. 2012 Jun 5. Citing Medicine: The NLM Style Guide for Authors, Editors, and Publishers (2nd Edition), Chapter 7: Patents. One of the most detailed descriptions of patent citing available.

Borrowed from Tufts University July 2014