Data visualization offers ways to transform data into visual representations, allowing us to spot patterns and trends more easily. Data visualization is usually one of three types:
Scientific visualization: these tend to be scientific data that is tied to real-world objects with spatial properties. For example, these visualizations include modeling air flow over an airplane. Scientific fields often have specific ways for doing these types of visualizations.
Information visualization: these tend to be charts and graphs but also include other visual and spatial representations.
Infographic: a specific sort of visualization that combines information visualization with narrative.
Designing Data Visualization: An introductory lecture by Julia Steele and Noah Lliinsky on how data visualization is helpful and how to take on a visualization project.